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Fasti: Wednesday, 21 Mai 2008

Postby Aldus Marius on Tue May 20, 2008 7:06 am

Salvete,

Fasti for Wednesday, 21 Mai:


ante diem XII Kalendas Iunias
[NP]
Agonium Maianum (Agonalia)


From our calendar:


* Rex Sacrorum offers a ram to Vediovis in the Regia on the Capitoline.
* Septimus Severus saluted as imperator by his Legions, 193 CE.


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Qui Deus est hic?

Postby Valerius Claudius Iohanes on Wed May 21, 2008 1:43 am

Salvete, Romani omnes -

My education continues apace: I had to ask, "Who was Vediovis?"

Wikipedia has this to say about him:


Wikipedia wrote:... Veiovis (Vediovis) is one of the oldest of the Roman gods. He is a god of healing, and was later associated with the Greek Asclepius. He was mostly worshipped in Rome and Bovillae in Latium. On the Capitoline Hill and on the Tiber Island temples were erected in his honour. In spring, goats were sacrificed to avert plagues.

Veiovis is portrayed as a young man, holding a bunch of arrows (or lightning bolts) in his hand, and is accompanied by a goat. He is probably based on the Etruscan god Veive.

... We find him in the Sabine deity system, and in the Etruscans' as well. But they let show a constant updating of his condition and his use by people: [He appears]
escaping from netherworld,
[as a] Volcanic God responsible of marshland and earthquakes, and later
[as a] guardian angel in charge of
- slaves and
- fighters refusing to lose.
[as a] God of deceivers, [who] was called
- to protect right causes and
- to give pain and deception to enemies.

His temple was a haven safe from police for wrongly persecuted people, and dedicated to the protection of the new comers in Rome.

... Aulus Gellius, in the Noctes Atticae, speculated that Veiovis was the inverse or ill-omened counterpart of Jupiter; compare Summanus. Aulus Gellius observes that the particle ve- that prefixes the name of the god also appears in Latin words such as vesanus, "insane," and thus interprets the name Veiovis as the anti-Jove. Aulus Gellius also informs us that Veiovis received the sacrifice of a female goat....

... In art, he was depicted as a youth holding a laurel wreath and some arrows, next to a goat. He had a temple between the two peaks of the Capitoline Hill in Rome, where his statue had a beardless head and carried a bundle of arrows in his right hand. It stood next to a statue of a goat. ...

The source is here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Veiovis.

If anyone has more to offer on Veive/Vediovis, please post!

Valete.
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Fasti: Thursday. 22 Mai 2008

Postby Aldus Marius on Wed May 21, 2008 6:58 am

Salve, mi Iohanne, et Salvete omnes!

*searches pockets*

I don't have anything new about Vediovis; maybe we could send some community vibes in Ericius' and Piscinus' directions? >({|:-)

Meantime, here are the Fasti for Thursday, 22 Mai:


ante diem XI Kalendas Iunias [F]


* Death of Constantine, 337CE.
"Fortune is given to brave men." (Ennius, Annales 247)


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Fasti: Friday, 23 Mai 2008

Postby Aldus Marius on Thu May 22, 2008 7:44 pm

Salvete, amici boni!

Fasti for Friday, 23 Mai:


ante diem X Kalendas Iunias
[NP]
Tubilustrium
Notes: This is the second Tubilustrium of the year. The first time was during the last day of the Quinquatria festival held in tribute to the god Mars.


Our SVR calendar gives us these particulars:

* Purification of the trumpets used to announce the opening of the Comitia Calata (the public assembly of the Collegium Pontificium).
* Feriae Volcanalis: Rites to Volcanus and Maia.
* Dies Rosarum when wreaths of roses are laid at tombs and monuments of the Manes.


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Fasti: Saturday, 24 Mai 2008

Postby Aldus Marius on Fri May 23, 2008 5:11 am

Salvete amici!

Fasti for Saturday, 24 Mai:


ante diem IX Kalendas Iunias [QRCF]


A reminder of the sorts of days in the Roman calendar; these are explained in detail at the beginning of this thread:


[F] Fastus
[C] Comitialis
[N] Nefastus
[NP] Nefastus Publicus
[EN] Endotercisus
[FP] Fastus Publicus
[QRCF] Quando Rex Comitiavit Fas
[QSDF] Quando Stercus Delatum Fas


Per M Horatius' calendar, on this day a supplicatio was made to Vesta, and the Comitia Calata (see yesterday's entry) assembled to witness wills.


* Birth of Germanicus Caesar, 15 BCE.


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Fasti: Sunday, 25 Mai 2008

Postby Aldus Marius on Sat May 24, 2008 8:44 am

Salvete omnes!

Fasti for Sunday, 25 Mai:


ante diem VIII Kalendas Iunias [C]


* Dedication day of three temples to Fortuna Publica, Fors Fortuna, and Fortuna Primigenia on the Quirinal.


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Fasti: Monday, 26 Mai 2008

Postby Aldus Marius on Sun May 25, 2008 12:53 am

Salvete, amici Romani!

Fasti for Monday, 26 Mai:


ante diem VII Kalendas Iunias [C]


"Go, Quirites, celebrate with joy the goddess of Good Fortune." (Ovid, Fasti 6.775)


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Fasti: Tuesday, 27 Mai 2008

Postby Aldus Marius on Mon May 26, 2008 4:45 am

Salvete, Romani viatores!

Fasti for Tuesday, 27 Mai:


ante diem VI Kalendas Iunias [C]


From the SVR calendar:


* Banquet of the Fratres Arvales held in odd-numbered years in the house of their magister.


(The banquet, races and sacrifice for even-numbered years took place earlier in the month.)

...And I go to Oklahoma City for my second follow-up appointment. >({|:-)

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Fasti: Wednesday, 28 Mai 2008

Postby Aldus Marius on Tue May 27, 2008 6:08 am

Salvete omnes!

Can't stay long, got a tornado warning here...but I must at least leave you with the Fasti for Wednesday, 28 Mai:


ante diem V Kalendas Iunias [C]

Noster Piscinus shares with us a translation for what is probably the oldest recorded Latin prayer (anyone know for sure...?):

"Lasas assist us, Lasas delight us, Lasas come to our aid! Neither plague nor ruin, Marmor, allow to be visited on us. Marmor assist us, Marmor defend us, Marmor come to our aid." (Carmen Fratres Arvales)


"Marmor" was an archaic name for Mars.

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Fasti: Thursday, 29 Mai 2008

Postby Aldus Marius on Wed May 28, 2008 12:20 am

Salvete amici!

Fasti for Thursday, 29 Mai:


ante diem IV Kalendas Iunias [C]


From the SVR calendar:

* Fratres Arvales sacrifice to Dea Dia, in odd numbered years, at Her sacred grove at the fifth mile on the Via Campania.
* Ambarvalia, or triple-circuit procession around grain fields, held as a lustratio in northern Provinces at this time; they would already have been conducted around 23 April in Latium.


(A good day for a Little Dog walk.) ]{;o)

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Fasti: 30 Mai 2008

Postby Aldus Marius on Thu May 29, 2008 1:28 am

Salvete, Romani!

Fasti for Friday, 30 Mai:


ante diem III Kalendas Iunias [C]


More fun on our SVR calendar:

* Ludi Tarentini: Three days of stage plays held every hundred years in honor of Dis Pater and Proserpina; later converted by Augustus in 17 BCE into the Ludi Saeculares.
* Races held by the fratres Arvales in odd numbered years.

(Think Quentin Tarantino's name might've come from the old Ludi?) >({|:-)

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Fasti: Saturday, 31 Mai 2008

Postby Aldus Marius on Fri May 30, 2008 7:17 am

Salvete amici!

Fasti for Saturday, 31 Mai:


Pridie Kalendas Iunias [C]
Notes: The last day of each month is sacred to Hekate.


From our SVR calendar:

* Ludi Saeculares: Nighttime sacrifice to the Moirai on the Campus Martius, followed by theater shows and sellisternia of Juno and Diana by 110 matrons.
* Rosalia of the battle-standards.


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Fasti: Sunday, 1 Iun 2008

Postby Aldus Marius on Sat May 31, 2008 9:02 am

Salvete Romani!

Fasti for Sunday, 1 Iun:


Kalendis Iuniis [N]
Notes: Every Kalends is sacred to Iuno. Vindicat Ausonias Iunonis cura kalendas... -Ovidius


"Juno Regina, I pray and I ask that you may increase the sovereign power and majesty of the Roman people, the Quirites, in war and peace… Forever may you grant safety, victory and health to the Roman people, the Quirites.. May you preserve the health and welfare of the people of Rome, the Quirites, and may you always remain willingly favorable and propitious to the people of Rome." (Acta sacrorum Saecularium 121-2)

M Horatius Piscinus' calendar describes a very busy day:


* Juno Regina brought from Veii to Aventine, 395 BCE.
* Capitoline temple of Juno Moneta dedicated, 344 BCE.
* Temple of Mars erected in the Campus Martius, 388 BCE.
* Temple of Mars Ultor dedicated in the Forum Augusti, 20 BCE.

* Ludi Saeculares: Sacrifice to Jupiter Optimus Maximus on the Capitoline. "O Jupiter Capitolinus, to You I pray, I entreat You, who the Roman people have named Optimus after Your kindness and Maximus after Your great power." (Cicero, Domo 144).

Offer Carna, Goddess of healthy bodily organs, beans, spelt and bacon fat for good health. Place hawthorn above your windows, and, calling on Cardea, anoint the front door hinges and mark the threshold three times with olive oil using arbutus leaves.

Sacrifice of nine cakes, nine popana and nine phthoes cakes to Ilythia. "You who are compassionate towards women, who suffer with great labor pains, their bodies strained in slow birth of the hidden child, gently attend her, Ilythia, and favor my prayers." (Ovid, Amores II.14.19-24).

* Temple dedicated to Tempestes, 259 BCE. "Thanks be to Neptunus and the Tempestates, for returning me safe home again, my venture a success!" (Plautus, Stichus 402).


Whew!

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Fasti: Monday, 2 Iun 2008

Postby Aldus Marius on Sun Jun 01, 2008 5:20 am

Avete amici!

Fasti for Monday, 2 Iun:


ante diem IV nonas Iunias
[F], Ater


From the Roman calendar on the SVR site:


* Ludi Saeculares: Sellisternia of Juno Regina and Terra Mater.


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Fasti: Tuesday, 3 Iun 2008

Postby Aldus Marius on Mon Jun 02, 2008 6:03 am

Salvete,

Fasti for Tuesday, 3 Iun:


ante diem III nonas Iunias [C]


From the SVR calendar:

* Ludi Saeculares: Sacrifices to Apollo and Diana accompanied by the hymn of Horace and by chariot races.
* Temple of Bellona, Sabine Goddess of War, vowed in 296 BCE, where declarations of war were posted in the Campus Martius.


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Fasti: Wednesday, 4 Iun 2008

Postby Aldus Marius on Tue Jun 03, 2008 6:07 am

Salvete omnes!

Fasti for Wednesday, 4 Iun:


Pridie nonas Iunias [C]


On this day in history:

* Birth of Socrates, 470 BCE.
* Temple of Hercules Custos dedicated, 82 BCE.


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Fasti: Thursday, 5 Iun 2008

Postby Aldus Marius on Wed Jun 04, 2008 8:28 am

Salvete, Romani viatores!

Fasti for Thursday, 5 Iun:


Nonae Iuniae [N] Religiosus
Notes: Nonarum tutela deo caret. (The Nones lacks a special god.) - Ovidius


From the SVR calendar:


* Ludi Saeculares: theatrical shows.
* Quirinal temple of Semo Sancus (Dius Fidius) dedicated, 466 BCE.
* No marriages are to be performed until after the Temple of Vesta has been cleaned out on the 15th [QStDF].


'Course, nowadays June is popular for weddings.

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Fasti - Duobus Diebus Advenientibus

Postby Valerius Claudius Iohanes on Fri Jun 06, 2008 1:21 am

Salvete, Romani - I have the Calendar here for Friday and also Saturday:


Fasti for Friday, 6 Iun: Ante diem VIII Idus Iunias [N] Ater

From the SVR calendar: Dies Nefastus, et Ater.
Flaminica Dialis does not comb down her hair, or her nails trim, until after QStDF on 15 June.


    N: Nefastus (comitia: no; courts: no).
    Ater: (unlucky)
    QStDF = Quando Stercus Delatum Fas (N until the Temple of Vesta has been cleaned, then F)

Fasti for Saturday, 7 Iun: Ante diem VII Idus Iunias [N] Religiosus

From the SVR calendar: Dies Nefastus.
Inner sanctum of the Temple of Vesta, the penus, opened to Matrons. Flaminica Dialis appears in public wearing mourning dress.


    N: Nefastus (comitia: no; courts: no).


Atque Dii vos incolumnes servent.
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Fasti - for Sunday, 6/8/08

Postby Valerius Claudius Iohanes on Sat Jun 07, 2008 8:24 am

Salvete, Sodales Sociique -

Now for this Sunday's FASTI, 6/8/08 --


Ante diem VI Idus Iunias [N] Religiosus
N = Nefastus (comitia: no; courts: no)


From the SVR Calendar:
    - Mens Bona (Prudence and Intelligence).

    - Theodosius orders all pagans to be imprisoned and tortured, 423 CE.

That last entry prompted me to review the events of Theodosius's reign -- it is a sad damned business! And it includes the destruction of the Library at Alexandria, among other atrocities and persecutions.

May the world see better days. Valete.
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Fasti for Monday, 6-9-08

Postby Valerius Claudius Iohanes on Sun Jun 08, 2008 1:56 am

Salvete, amici Romani -

Ecce FASTI ad diem 6/9/08, Diem Lunae


    Ante diem V Idus Iunias [N] Religiosus VESTALIA

    Nefastus (comitia: no; courts: no)

From the SVR Calendar, opus magnum Horatii Piscini illius -

    - VESTALIA: Vesta, the goddess of the hearth;
    - Vacuna, Sabine goddess of victory.
    - Death of Nero by suicide, 68 CE.
    - Septimus Severus enters Rome and is named pontifex maximus, 193 CE.


De Vesta, from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:

Vesta was the virgin goddess of the hearth, home, and family in Roman mythology. ... [S]he is often mistaken as analogous to Hestia in Greek mythology [but] she had a large, albeit mysterious role in Roman religion long before she appeared in Greece. Vesta was much more important to the Romans than Hestia was to the Greeks.
Little is known about the goddess, as unlike other Roman deities, she had no distinct personality, was never depicted, and went without mention in myths. Vesta's presence was symbolized by the sacred fire that burned at her hearth and temples.

Vesta was the goddess of the hearth at the centre of atrium and home. It was in the house and home that Vesta was most important as she was the goddess of the hearth and of fire. Vesta was particularly important to women of the household as the hearth was the place where food was prepared and next to it the meal was eaten with offerings being thrown into the fire to seek omens (the future) from the way it burned. Her weakness was that she couldn't fall in love.

Vesta was celebrated at the Vestalia which took place from June 7 to June 15. On the first day of the festivities the penus Vestae (the curtained sanctum sanctorum of her temple) was opened, for the only time during the year, for women to offer sacrifices in. Such sacrifices included the removal of an unborn calf from a pregnant cow.


Di vos omnes incolumes custodiant!
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