LATIN DECLENSION SCHEME
© Gn. Dionysius Scorpio Invictus
FIRST CLASS
second declension

FIRST CLASS
first declension

FIRST CLASS
second declension

male
tribunus (tribune)
female
taberna (tavern)
neuter
album (record)
nominative (singular)tribunus **tabernaalbum
vocative (singular)tribune *tabernaalbum
accusative (singular)tribunumtabernamalbum
genitive (singular)tribunitabernaealbi
dative (singular)tribunotabernaealbi
ablative (singular)tribunotabernaalbo
nominative (plural)tribunitabernaealba
vocative (plural)tribunitabernaealba
accusative (plural)tribunostabernasalba
genitive (plural)tribunorumtabernarumalborum
dative (plural)tribunistabernisalbis
ablative (plural)tribunistabernisalbis


examples (substantives)


praefectus [prefect]


castra [camp]


collegium [college]
avus [grandfather]littera [letter (sign)]oppidum [village]
legatus [legate]lingua [language, tongue]aedificium [building]
murus [wall]fama [rumour]templum [temple]


examples (adjectives)


Romanus [Roman]


Romana [Roman]


Romanum [Roman]
magnus [big]magna [big]magnum [big]
invictus [invincible]invicta [invincible]invictum [invincible]
serenus [serene]serena [serene]serenum [serene]
stultus [stupid]stulta [stupid]stultum [stupid]


SECOND CLASS
third declension



SECOND CLASS
third declension



SECOND CLASS
third declension

male
miles (soldier)
female
nox (night)
neuter
corpus (body)
nominative (singular)milesnoxcorpus
vocative (singular)milesnoxcorpus
accusative (singular)militemnoctemcorpus
genitive (singular)militisnoctiscorporis
dative (singular)militi **nocti **corpori
ablative (singular)militenoctecorpore
nominative (plural)militesnoctescorpora
vocative (plural)militesnoctescorpora
accusative (plural)militesnoctescorpora
genitive (plural)militum *noctum *corporum *
dative (plural)militibusnoctibuscorporibus
ablative (plural)militibusnoctibuscorporibus


examples (substantives)


pontifex (pontifecis) [priest]


gens (gentis) [descendance]


ius (iuris) [right]
draco (draconis) [dragon]dignitas (dignitatis) [dignity]virtus (virtutis) [courage]
eques (equitis) [knight]religio (religionis) [religion]sanguis (sanguinis) [blood]
sodalis (sodalis) [member]mens (mentis) [mind]iter (itineris) [travel]


examples (adjectives)


infans (infanis) [infant]


infans (infanis) [infant]


infans (infanis) [infant]
maior (maioris) [larger]maior (maioris) [larger]maior (maioris) [larger]
minor (minoris) [smaller]minor (minoris) [smaller]minor (minoris) [smaller]
civilis (civilis) [civil]civilis (civilis) [civil]civilis (civilis) [civil]
ingens (ingentis) [enormous]ingens (ingentis) [enormous]ingens (ingentis) [enormous]


THIRD CLASS
fourth declension



THIRD CLASS
fourth declension



THIRD CLASS
fourth declension

male
lacus (lake)
female
dies (day)
neuter
cornu (flank, horn)
nominative (singular)lacusdiescornu
vocative (singular)lacusdiescornu
accusative (singular)lacumdiemcornu
genitive (singular)lacusdieicornus
dative (singular)lacuidieicornu
ablative (singular)lacudiecornu
nominative (plural)lacusdiescornua
vocative (plural)lacusdiescornua
accusative (plural)lacusdiescornua
genitive (plural)lacuumdierumcornuum
dative (plural)lacibusdiebuscornibus
ablative (plural)lacibusdiebuscornibus


examples (substantives)


senatus [senate]


res [thing, business]
cursus [run]spes [hope]
domus [house]pes [foot]
situs [site]

Third class has no adjectives.

male words ending on -ius in their nominative form their vocative on -i, not on -e
some male words do not end on -us in their nominative, but on -(e)r, like vir (man), liber (child) or puer (boy)

when words the same amount of syllables in their genitive as in their nominative, the genitive plural will end on -ium
adjectives of the second class have their dative ending on -e
the genitive is put between brackets to show you the stem (genitive of the word minus -is)
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